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What is the best way to cut the tiles?

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    Porcelain is a popular kitchen and bathroom tile. This hard, glazed substance adds durability and beauty to floors and walls. Working with porcelain is easy if you know how to cut it.

    For homeowners used to ceramic, cutting this smooth substance can be difficult. As fired and glazed clay, porcelain must be cut carefully. Specialized tools can speed up the process. Hand-cutting porcelain is possible.

    Cutting ceramic tiles is easy. How many tiles you want to cut will determine what tool you use. A glass cutter can cut tiles. To cut more tiles, use a tiling tool or wet saw. Knowing how to cut tiles yourself can save you money and ensure they turn out perfectly.

    DIYers can handle small to medium-sized ceramic tiling jobs. A homeowner can achieve satisfying results with careful measuring, the right tools, and attention to detail. Being thorough takes time. Even the simplest tiling job requires cutting tiles to finish edges or work around obstacles. Tiling requires precise measurements and tools. To ensure a smooth project, plan how you'll handle all the cuts in advance.

    Job-specific cuts vary. Some tiles can be cut straight; others require diagonal cuts or carving a corner or curve. Each cut requires different tools and methods. As you plan your tile design, determine what cuts you'll need, then read below to learn how to proceed.

    Ceramic tiles come in many styles, so they'll help you decorate your floor. They're affordable, durable, and add aesthetic value to your home.

    Earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain tiles are hardy materials used for dado walls, rooftops, and tabletops. Most of us will need to cut them as construction materials.

    Looking for the best tools on the market, be sure to look at CMP Stonemason Tools what we have in stock.

    What is the porcelain tile?

    Porcelain tile, also known as ceramic tile, is a hard form of clay tile that is typically used to enwrap the floors and walls of bathrooms, kitchens, and other rooms. It is most commonly known by its other name, porcelain tile. The advantages of this type of tile include a wide range of color and design options, as well as high-quality construction. It is widely considered to be one of the most long-lasting tiles due to the high temperatures at which it was produced using dry clay.


    tiles with design

    Best Ways How to Cut Porcelain Tile

    The fascinating fact is which things make it durable also similar things make it challenging to cut. In the below, there are best ways to cut porcelain tile.

    Using a Manual Snap Cutter

    Ceramic tile can be cut with a snap cutter or wet tile saw. Snap tile cutters are budget-friendly and easy to use.

    Rail cutters work like glass cutters. A carbide wheel is used to score tiles.

    Manual snap cutters make straight cuts. Manual snap cutters make straight cuts. It's a worthy investment at $200 (decent quality) and is available on any home improvement online portal or shop.

    Follow the guide to cut a ceramic tile with manual snap cutter:

    • To use the snap cutter, initially, you have to prepare the tile and mark the line.
    • After marking the line, place the tile firmly against the front guide, lift it and depress to score a straight line.
    • After scoring, depress the handle in order to snap the tile in two pieces. If you’re cutting ceramic tile (more than one), clamp the fence into the same position as the first cut and place the tiles succeedingly.
    • However, you should brush the debris away after you’re done with the cutting procedure.

    We have the best stone cutting tools for your next stonework.

    Using a Tile Nipper

    On the other hand, the majority of the time we want to make angled cuts across the edges rather than straight cuts. In these kinds of circumstances, it is helpful to use a tile nipper that is effective because snap cutters are unable to make the irregular cuts.

    It is also known as the nibbling tool, and its primary function is to make scoring lines, which are then used to create cuts that are either half an inch or an entire inch away from the edge of the material. Notches and other small cutouts can also be made with this instrument. The nippers are relatively inexpensive, with prices ranging from $10 to $25 depending on the quality of the pair. This is the best aspect of the nippers.

    However, the drawback of a tile nipper is that the cuts that are made using it are not as clean, unlike the other two tools.

    • To make a cut using the tile nipper, initially use a snap cutter for scoring the lines.
    • After scoring, nibble the tile chips one by one slowly from the tile area that is to be removed.
    • Removing larger bits will shatter the entire tile, and therefore, patience is what you require while nibbling the tile away.

    Using a Wet Tile Saw

    Using a wet saw to cut tiles precisely requires experience. Wet saws come in many models and sizes for renting or buying.

    Find a home improvement store or website to buy a $60 wet saw. Professional wet saws cost $500 and can handle bulk jobs.

    Tile saws have pumps that constantly squirt water onto a diamond blade. Cheap saws don't have pumps but can submerge the blade.

    It’s mandatory to have a splash guard for the wet saw if you want to use it in the indoor environment with the help of scattered spray. However, using it outdoors is recommended because of the dust and splatter it delivers. In case if you want to make curvaceous cuts, employ a radial arm wet saw.

    • To cut a tile with a wet saw, initially set it on a smooth surface. If the saw comes with a pump, put the pump in a pan and fill the pan with water.
    • Test it and make sure it’s functional before proceeding to cut in a way that it supplies water stream to the diamond blade.
    • If your saw doesn’t have a pump, fill the pan to a certain level such that the blade stays submerged in water and keep filling the water after every 20 cuts.
    • Now, take a marker and mark the tile on the surface in the shape you want to make a cut.
    • To make straight lines, place the tile on the tray pulled away from the diamond blade. Turn on the saw, hold the tile rigidly against the tray, slide it and let the blade cut the tile.
    • To make angle cuts, switch to the protractor like mode and cut notches by making small and parallel cuts that are around 1/4 inch distant. Take a tile nipper and finish the work by nibbling the chips away.

    Using a Glass Cutter

    If the task is small and doesn’t involve any curvy or complex cuts, you should use a glass cutter. It can be found anywhere in the nearby local tool stores or even online for a very low cost.

    • Measure & Mark: By aligning the horizontal edge to the bottom of the tile, measure and use a pencil to mark the area where you want to cut.
    • Position & Score: Place the tile down on a robust surface (a plywood suits best), move the square cautiously and keep it a little off the marked line. Now press down the glass cutter and move it along the marked line by using the square as a reference.
    • Snap Tile: Place a wire hanger along the marked/cut line and press down on the edges until the tile snaps.
    • Smoothen: You want to smoothen out the edges whenever you cut a tile since the sharpness would be dangerous. Rub the edges across a brick or a rubbing stone to do so.

    Looking for a stone cutting tool? Look no further, buy stone cutting tools at CMP Stonemason Supplies.

    Using an Angle Grinder

    An angle grinder that is four inches in diameter and has a stone blade is yet another tool that you can use. It is preferable to cut at an angle whenever possible. Even though the cuts would be fine, they would not be as clean as those produced by a wet tile saw. However, the cuts would still be fine. You should have no trouble making rough cuts in the vicinity of the doorways and vents for the heater.

    It is important to choose the right blade (diamond-tipped and smooth edge) for the angle grinder when cutting ceramic tile. Once you are done fitting it tightly into it, start the procedure:

    • Draw your lines to mark the area to be cut
    • Place the tape on top to cover the edge to prevent chipping
    • Gently press down the angle grinder and cut along the surface and the lines
    • By holding the blade against an edge horizontally, you can make rounded cuts
    • By holding the blade against an edge vertically, you can make straight cuts

    Using a Rotary Cutting Tool

    What happens if you want to make a cut along the edge of the tile or drill a hole in the middle of it? But there is a way out of this predicament!

    To make cuts of this kind (such as circles for pipe insertion), a rotary cutting tool or a RotoZip can be used. Alternatively, any shape can be cut. It has a blade that operates in a manner analogous to that of a drill bit and can move at an extremely high rate. The bits were able to penetrate the ceramic tile. Although it is not particularly good at cutting straight lines, it is perfectly capable of performing the function of a tile nipper.

    Although they are relatively pricey, they are useful for a wide variety of remodeling projects around the house.

    Using a Tile Scribe

    The most basic method of cutting tiles (particularly straight cuts) is using a tile scribe. It has a tungsten carbide tip which allows it to score almost on any tile.

    • Do the marking on the tile where you want to cut and put another tile against the one which is to be cut (it will work as a straight edge)
    • With a firm grip, press down on the tile scribe and draw it along the marked starting and finishing line
    • After scoring, place the tile on the edge of the surface you were working on such that the scored line is just above the edge
    • Press down strongly on the unwanted part of the tile and holding onto the piece that you need above the edge of the work surface with your other hand

    Using a Power Drill

    You can either use a drill or a masonry drill to cut holes in ceramic tiles. First, you need to drill small holes along the diameter of the hole you wish to cut and then cut along the edges using a tile saw. In the end, you can use a tile filer to smoothen the edges.

    • Use a tile scribe to mark the centre inside the hole which is to be cut
    • Put it in the centre and twist to score
    • After that, use a power drill to make the hole
    • Start with small drill bit size and make your way up to the desired hole size

    Using a JigSaw

    There is also the option of using a jigsaw to make the cut in the ceramic tiles. Cutting notches and angles into the tile appears to be the most effective method.

    Tile cutters are helpful for making cuts that are straight, but there are times when different requirements are necessary (smaller, slanted or notches). This is where the diamond blade on the jigsaw really comes into its own.

    Before beginning to cut the tile, check to see that it is positioned appropriately on the workbench. In order to prevent the jigsaw from overheating while you are making cuts in the tile, make sure to continually sprinkle some water on the tile.

    Safety Tips

    Speaking of risk, make sure you are always following safety precautions, so you don’t end up hurting yourself or your project. It’s easy to take measures to protect your hands and face from potential damage.

    Here’s what we recommend:

    • Always wear goggles and protective gear while operating saws and power tools.
    • Use thick gloves when you come in contact with a wet saw.
    • Make sure you are not standing on a slippery or wet floor when beginning your project.
    • Always keep your saws and tools properly lubricated.
    • Wear a mask over your mouth so you don’t breathe in the dust that can be created from cutting tile.
    • Follow the directions from your tool’s manufacturer to ensure proper setup and use.
    • If something is not working correctly, or you notice an issue, stop work immediately and contact a professional for help.
    • Diamond blades are great for cutting porcelain tile, but they are some of the sharpest blades in the industry. If they break or get caught, you can be seriously injured. It only takes a few minutes of your time to take the necessary safety precautions before cutting your porcelain tile. Even if you are only using hand tools, such as a tile nipper, hand and face protection may still be a good idea.

    Cut Tile To Your Specification

    Cutting porcelain tile can be done in many ways. Wet saws or tile saws are best for standard-sized cuts. These can cut heavy-duty tiles to your specifications. Hand tools are ideal for smaller projects or unique porcelain tile cuts. Dremels and diamond drills cut tile circles, holes, and shapes.

    Porcelain and other ceramics differ. Porcelain isn't as absorbent as ceramic, so some issues with using it for kitchen tile may not apply. You can research more differences to determine if porcelain or ceramic is best for your next kitchen or bathroom remodel.

    Professionals use different methods to ensure uniform tiles. Construction projects, big or small, require accuracy. Whether you're a DIYer or a contractor, using these strategies and safety precautions is crucial.

    FAQs About Cutting Tiles

    Using a Manual Snap Cutter

    A snap cutter and a wet tile saw are the two main power tools which can be used to cut a ceramic tile. If you are looking for a budget option which is easy to carry out the task as well, then you should go for a snap tile cutter.

    To cut ceramic tile by hand without a tile cutter:

    Place the tile on solid surface with a wire clothes hanger under the tile aligned with the score mark. Press down on either side of the tile to break the tile along the score line. If needed, smooth the cut by rubbing the edge on concrete or a brick.

    For larger jobs, there are a number of tools that can make quick work of cutting tiles without a wet saw. A manual tile cutter works well for larger tiles, doesn't require electricity and is simple to use. An inexpensive pair of compound tile nippers assists in getting corners and curves just right.

    While tile cutters can only cut straight, a wet saw can create curved tiles. Wet saws can also cut harder tile materials. The diamond blade can cut the hardest varieties of tile. The wet saw is a must if you want to feel cutting glass tiles as if it was butter.

    To cut through ceramic tile, you will need a power tool with an abrasive blade. Fortunately, a jigsaw with an abrasive carbide (or diamond) edge can cut ceramic tile cleanly and safely – plus it can make notches, slanted cuts, and openings that few other power tools can.

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