marble and granite

Is marble better than granite?

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    Natural stone offers a nearly endless array of unique colors and patterns for kitchen and bathroom countertops. Granite countertops are popular in modern and traditional homes. Marble is a classic luxury home material. Use this simple guide to find the right material.

    Natural stone countertops are good for kitchens and bathrooms. It's beautiful, comes in a wide range of colors, can be customized to almost any shape and size, and blends easily with any home decor, making it versatile.

    Natural stone countertops are mostly granite and marble. Each material has pros and cons, so choose based on your needs and budget. Granite is more natural-looking than marble. Marble is more expensive than granite, and their size and weight require professional installation.

    Granite and marble have many similarities, but they look and function differently. Let's compare two popular stone countertop options.

    Granite and marble are popular kitchen and bathroom countertops. Marble and granite are natural stones, so they can chip and stain. Granite is more stain- and scratch-resistant than marble. Because of this, granite is common in kitchens and marble in bathrooms.

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    Getting to Know Marble and Granite

    Both of these are porous natural stone materials, and one is more so than the other. Marble is a recrystallized form of carbon that is formed during the metamorphism of another rock, making it a metamorphic rock. Because of the movement of tectonic plates deep within the earth's crust, it is composed of limestone that has been subjected to extreme levels of pressure and heat.

    Granite, on the other hand, is a type of igneous rock that is made up of grains of quartz, feldspar, mica, and other similar materials that have been compressed together. This indicates that granite is somewhat more durable than marble, despite the fact that marble is a relatively hard material.

     

    marble and granite

    Appearance

    Natural stones granite and marble. Many minerals and stones sold as granite or marble for countertops have similar composition and characteristics.

    Granite is an igneous or metamorphic stone made of silica, feldspar, mica, and quartz. Granite has a dense, granular surface. Veins, color flecks, or solid. Granite comes in light to dark colors, and each slab has color variation.

    Metamorphic or sedimentary marble is primarily calcite. Green "marbles" are made of serpentine. Some "marbles" are quartzite or quartz-based. Marble is veined and smoother than granite. Like granite, marble's surface color varies from white to black.

    Marble and granite look different from slab to slab because the minerals that make up their color can vary.

    Metamorphic or sedimentary, marble has a smooth, mineral-veined surface. Some marble is quartz-based, while others are serpentine. Marble is usually black and white.

    Granite is metamorphic or igneous and has a packed, granular surface. Light to dark flecks, veins, or solid patterns vary in color.

    Natural source and cut location affect the appearance of both types of stone.

    Visit a stone yard to choose your stone in person. Marble or granite showroom samples don't accurately depict the stone's appearance.

    Installation

    Marble and granite countertops are made and installed similarly. Your kitchen counter is copied onto the slab you want. The slab is cut to match the template's edge and cutouts.

    When the slab arrives at your home, silicone adhesive is applied to the cabinets. Lower the slab. Thinner marble slabs may need a plywood substrate to strengthen them, but 114-inch (3-cm) slabs can be installed directly on cabinets.

    Because marble slabs are smaller than granite, you may need more to finish a kitchen.

    When installing granite or marble countertops, a template is transferred to a slab, which is then cut and finished. Silicone adhesive secures the slab to cabinets or plywood. Stone slabs are difficult to cut for sinks and faucets. Professionals should do both jobs.

    Costs

    Granite costs $40 to $75 per square foot. Blue exotic stones can cost $500 a square foot. A 30-square-foot counter costs $1,000 to $1,500 in materials. Fabrication and labor add $330 to the stone cost, a sink cutout adds $100, and edging adds $10 per linear foot. The 30-square-foot granite counter costs $3,000 to $3,500 installed.

    Marble fabrication, installation, cutout, and edging costs are similar. Marble costs $60-$100 per square foot. This makes the material costs for a similar-sized marble counter between $1,800 and $3,000, or $3,800 to $5,000 on average.

    Durability

    Stone's composition determines its durability. Marbles are made of soft, porous calcite. This makes marble more susceptible to stains, etching, and finish loss. Honed or matte finishes can help hide etching on marble countertops. Not all marble is calcite-based. Green serpentine marble doesn't etch as easily, but it can flake in water. Quartzites labelled as marble, like Thassos or Azul Celeste, are hard and durable.

    Granite's durability varies. Igneous granites and gabbros, like Absolute Black, are nonporous and don't scratch or etch easily. Most dark granites are stain- and etch-resistant.

    It's easy to assume all stone is super strong and indestructible, but that's not true. Granite and marble are durable but must be sealed annually to prevent liquid seepage. Granite and marble are heat-resistant, but be careful (don't set red-hot pans directly on the countertop). Granite chips and scratches less than marble.

    Some light-colored granites are metamorphic dolomites. These can scratch or stain.

    Granite is tougher than marble. Each stone is rated A-D. D-rated stones are weak, A-rated stones are strong.

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    Maintenance

    Every natural stone requires upkeep. Granites and marbles vary. Granites are lower-maintenance than marbles.

    After installation, seal all granites except black. Well-sealed stone beads water. When water stops beading, reseal the stone. Wipe up spills immediately to prevent staining, and use a PH-neutral cleanser to prevent etching or finish removal.

    All porous stones, including marble, should be regularly sealed. Even with a sealer, marble stains easily and can be difficult to remove. Always wipe up spills immediately, and avoid putting acidic things like lemon juice, tomato sauce, or red wine directly on the counter.

    Marble should be cleaned with a PH-neutral cleanser to prevent etching. As opposed to granite, it should be resealed quarterly.

    All-natural stone countertops require different levels of maintenance, so homeowners should be vigilant. Granite is stain-resistant, durable, and low-maintenance compared to marble. After installation, granite should be sealed so water beads. A solid and efficient surface requires annual resealing.

    Stone epoxy repairs scratches and chips. Very busy kitchens may need extra attention.

    Marble should be sealed with a sealant made for porous stone. Even if sealed, marble can stain, so clean up spills immediately. Lemon juice, tomato sauce, and citrus can etch marble.

    Heat-Resistance

    Heat-resistant granite and marble. Both types of stones were formed by heat, either volcanic activity or heat and pressure. Neither stone discolors when used near hot pots. No matter how well your stone handles heat, be careful with hot pots.

    Radon

    Decomposing soil granite emits radon two. Some people worry about using granite countertops at home. Granite or marble slabs don't emit radon two gas in the home, though. Detectable radon 2 test kits are available.

    Profitability

    Granite and marble countertops alone don't boost resale value. Remodeling Magazine says you can recoup 53% of a luxury kitchen upgrade's costs.

    Both granite and marble can make a kitchen look more appealing to a buyer, which may help the property sell faster.

    Signs Granite Countertops Are The Best Option For You?

    • If you prefer the look of granite.
    • If you want a wider selection of colours and patterns to choose from.
    • If you work on countertops recklessly and with a lot of force and need a surface that can bear all this.
    • If a lot of people use your kitchen.
    • If your countertop gets dirty fast while working.

    Signs Marble Countertops Are The Best Option For You?

    • If you prefer the look of marble.
    • If you don't mind spending more time on maintenance.
    • If you don't mind spending more money on marble countertop slabs.
    • If you are fairly careful with your countertops and not much concerned about scratches or dings.
    • If you can clean a lot and know you are capable of preventing the formation of stains on the marble surface.

    Production

    Granite and marble are mined in the form of large blocks, which are subsequently cut into more manageable rectangular slabs. Because granite is a more durable material than marble, it is typically cut into larger slabs than marble.

    Environmental Considerations

    Neither granite nor marble is a particularly environmentally friendly material. In spite of the fact that both can be expected to last for a very long time if they are maintained properly, a significant quantity of fuel and energy is required in the beginning to mine, cut, transport, and install the stones.

    Health Risks

    There is a possibility that certain granites harbor minute amounts of naturally occurring radioactive elements such as radium, uranium, and thorium. Radon is a noble gas that, when present in sufficient quantities, has been linked to an increased risk of developing lung cancer. These elements, over time, can deteriorate and release radon.

    Granite countertops are typically safe, despite the fact that some people have voiced concerns regarding this possible health risk. An archive of information regarding incorrect reporting on granite's safety can be found on the website of the Marble Institute of America.

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    So which one should you choose?

    It depends on your preferred aesthetic and maintenance level.

    Both are natural and quarried, but have different properties. Porosity distinguishes granite from marble. With few exceptions, marble is softer and more porous than granite. Imperial Danby marble from Vermont is solid. Granite's crystalline structure makes it resistant to abrasion, staining, and discoloration.

    Granite is an igneous rock, meaning it was molten and cooled deep in the earth. Granite's minerals appear as tiny flecks. Marble is transformed limestone by heat and pressure. This changed its crystalline structure and introduced other minerals, causing veining.

    Marble and granite are hard, heavy, heat- and scorch-resistant, and come in many colors and patterns. Both are natural, so color and pattern can vary greatly. In both cases, a store display sample may not be accurate. (See slabs in person, no matter the material.) Oily or colored foods can stain both stones, so both need sealing (typically once a year.) Both are formed by millions of years of complex earth reactions, giving them a look unlike any human-made material.

    Marble and granite make beautiful countertops, backsplashes, wall coverings, and more. Both are rare stones that can be expensive.

    You now know all about Marble vs Granite. Both are unique. It depends on the stone's aesthetics and use. If you don't mind maintenance, choose marble. Granite is the most durable, scratch-resistant, and low-maintenance natural stone.

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    FAQs About Marbles

    Hardness and longevity: Granite is comparatively harder and stronger than marble. It is mostly known as the most durable natural stone and compared to marble. It is resistant to heat and can easily withstand hot cookware therefore it is perfect for kitchen tops.

    Granite is a harder stone than marble and holds up better to chips and scratches. Some light-coloured granites, however, are dolomites, which is a metamorphic stone. These may scratch, etch, or stain. In general granite counters are considered more durable than marble.

    Granite: A 1/2-inch-thick slab of granite weighs 6.5 pounds per square foot, making a 30-square-foot slab of granite 195 pounds. Marble: Marble is even heavier than granite. At 6.67 pounds per square foot, a 30-square-foot slab or marble weighs about 200 pounds.

    It is your body that gets warm, so any surface you touch is likely to feel colder due to the difference between your body temperature and the surrounding air temperature. However, marble's density and quick heat conduction mean that the granite floor tiles will take a lot more energy before it feels warm to touch.

    Hardness and Durability: Granite is harder than marble, so it is more resistant to chips and scratches. Both materials are heat resistant, though caution should be used with hot pots and pans in the kitchen or hot hair tools in the bathroom.

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